Legal Landscape


This page lists court judgments and TPO determinations which have direct or consequential impacts on the Firefighters' Pension Schemes, as well as any resources that have been developed in response to the relevant case law.

Scheme Title Summary Related resources Court/ Body Date
FPS DSFRA v HMRC and Howell (PDF, 31 pages, 287kb) A case concerning the application of the transitional provisions in FA04 to discretionary early retirement rights.   High Court 13/02/2023
LGPS (Scotland) PO-22730 Mr N - Police Scotland (PDF, 4 pages, 564kb) Duty for employer to inform member of scheme changes which may affect their retirement benefits. Upheld.    TPO 29/01/2020
PPS 1987 PO-23014 Mr N - Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) (PDF, 5 pages,  680kb) Complaint relates to option to uprate a widow’s pension in respect of pre 01 04 1972 service; similar provisions applied to firefighters. Not upheld.   TPO 14/08/2019
FPS - Wales Booth v MWWFRA (PDF, 20 pages, 178kb) Appeal of TPO determination PO-14863 concerning the treatment of four specific elements of pay as pensionable or otherwise. Pensionable pay factsheet (PDF, 9 pages, 611kb) High Court 29/03/2019
Private sector occupational scheme Walker v Innospec Ltd (PDF, 28 pages, 508kb) Equalisation of same sex survivor benefits.

SI 2019/378 (HTML)

FPS technical note 4 (PDF, 4 pages, 362kb)

Supreme Court 12/07/2017
PPS 1987 PO-7096 Mr John Cherry - 1) The PCC of South Wales 2) Capita  The complaint against the Commissioner and Capita relates to their failure to inform the member of the tax penalties on his retirement benefits when taking subsequent re-employment. Upheld.  Eversheds UK Pensions Speedbrief: Protected pension ages – employer duty to provide information (HTML) TPO 22/12/2015
NILGOSC Brewster v NILGOSC (PDF, 63 pages, 579kb) Removal of requirement to complete a nomination form for a cohabiting partner survivor benefit.

SI 2018/997 (HTML) 

FPS technical note 3 (PDF, 6 pages, 272kb)

Court of Appeal (Northern Ireland) 01/10/2013
FPS Norman v Cheshire FRS (PDF, 30 pages, 224kb) Whether certain sums received are pensionable pay under the FPS: retaining fee, disturbance fee, public holiday pay.

Norman v Cheshire: a case summary [Weightmans] (PDF, 14 pages, 289kb)

High Court 14/12/2011
FPS Marrion & Ors, R v Board of Medical Referees & Ors (HTML) That permanent incapacity should include duties appropriate to the role, in addition to engaging in firefighting.

FPSC 8/2009 (PDF, 4 pages, 46kb)

Court of Appeal 06/04/2009
FPS Kent and Medway Towns Fire Authority v Pensions Ombudsman and Hopper (PDF, 12 pages, 1,095kb) Pay in lieu of annual leave not to be treated as pensionable pay.   High Court 02/10/2001